Automata

   The literature of the Near East and of the Mediterranean region includes many stories of automata, usually made of brass, which were produced to the order of various potentates.
   King Solomon, who is reputed to have had a fountain of liquid brass in Andaluz—probably a foundry near the Rio Tinto Mines—which played three times a month, and from which were produced various novelties, including a brass throne with two eagles at the back which spread their wings to keep the sun off anybody sitting on it. Another one had two lions’ heads on the armrests which opened their mouths and made a noise when the king pressed on them.
   In the Arabian Nights there is the story of the City of Brass, in the middle of the desert, where mounted automata cut off the heads of anybody who approached them, and this in spite of the fact that there was nobody left alive in the city. Presumably they were activated by counterweights.
   These automata came into use when iron was replacing bronze for weapons, thus leaving the brass founders free to exercise their ingenuity on other things.

Who’s Who in non-classical mythology . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • autómata — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: tecnología Máquina que imita la figura y los movimientos de un ser animado: En el Renacimiento se pusieron de moda los autómatas. 2. Aparato provisto de un mecanismo que le permite ejecutar determinados movimientos:… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Automata — may refer to * Automata theory, in theoretical computer science, the study of abstract machines * The plural form of Automaton, a self operating machine. * Cellular Automata, a model of computation that is the basic design behind a broad class of …   Wikipedia

  • autómata — (Del lat. automăta, t. f. de tus, y este del gr. αὐτόματος, espontáneo). 1. m. Instrumento o aparato que encierra dentro de sí el mecanismo que le imprime determinados movimientos. 2. Máquina que imita la figura y los movimientos de un ser… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • automata — [ô täm′ə tə] n. alt. pl. of AUTOMATON …   English World dictionary

  • Automata —    1) All Automata Have an Artificial Life    Nature (the Art whereby God hath made and governes the World) is by the Art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, that it can make an Artificial Animal. For seeing life is but a… …   Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science

  • Autómata — (Del lat. automaton < gr. automatos, que se mueve por sí mismo.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 TECNOLOGÍA Máquina que imita la forma y los movimientos de un ser animado: ■ el museo de autómatas decimonónicos. 2 coloquial Persona débil de carácter,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • autómata — {{#}}{{LM A04138}}{{〓}} {{SynA04232}} {{[}}autómata{{]}} ‹au·tó·ma·ta› {{《}}▍ s.com.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} {{※}}col.{{¤}} Persona que actúa maquinalmente o que se deja dirigir por otra: • El trabajo en cadena convierte a los trabajadores en autómatas… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Automata — Automaton Au*tom a*ton, n.; pl. L. {Automata}, E. {Automatons}. [L. fr. Gr. ?, neut. of ? self moving; ? self + a root ma, man, to strive, think, cf. ? to strive. See {Mean}, v. i.] 1. Any thing or being regarded as having the power of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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